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Biographical Information


Name: Michael Trebilcock


LL.B. (University of Canterbury, New Zealand)
LL.M. (University of Adelaide, South Australia)


Appointed full-time Tutor, Law School, University of Adelaide, January, 1963
Appointed Lecturer in Law, Adelaide, January, 1964
Appointed Senior Lecturer, Adelaide, January, 1967
Barrister and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of New Zealand, 1964
Visiting Associate Professor of Law, McGill Law School, 1969 - 1970
Associate Professor of Law, McGill Law School, 1970 - 1972
Professor of Law, University of Toronto Law School, 1972 - present
Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court of Ontario, 1975
National Vice-President, Consumers Association of Canada, 1974 - 1975
Chairman, Regulated Industries Program, Consumers Association of Canada, 1973 -1975
Member, Academic Advisory Panel, Department of Consumer and Corporate Affairs, 1973 - 1975
Chairman, Consumer Research Council, 1975 - 1976
Research Director, Professional Organizations Committee, Government of Ontario, 1976 - 1980
Participant, Summer Institute, Economics for Law Professors University of Rochester, 1974
Fellow in Law and Economics, University of Chicago Law School, 1976
Member of the Presidential Advisory Committee on Institutional Strategy (PACIS), University of Toronto 1982 - 1983
Acting Research Director; Institute of National Affairs, Papua New Guinea, 1982
Lay Member - Canadian Competition Tribunal, 1987 - 1989
Visiting Professor, Yale Law School, January to June, 1985
University Law School Committees (at various times): Admissions Committee, Curriculum Committee, Graduate Committee, Hiring Committee Director, Laidlaw Foundation, 1985
Member, Research Board, University of Toronto, 1986 - 1988
Elected Fellow of Royal Society of Canada, 1987
Recipient, University of Toronto Teaching Award, 1986
Winner of the Walter Owen Prize for Best English Legal Text in Canada, 1986 - 1988 for The Common Law of Restraint of Trade
Appointed University Professor, University of Toronto, 1990
Recipient of the 1990 Joint Award of the Canadian Law Teachers Association and Law Reform Commission of Canada for outstanding contributions to legal research and law reform
Member of the Research Council of the Canadian Institute of Advanced Research, 1982 - 1986
Director, Law and Economics Programme, University of Toronto Law School, 1976 - present
Chairman, International Business and Trade Law Programme, University of Toronto Law School, 1988 - 1995
Director, Centre for the Study of State and Market, 1995
Visiting Professor, University of Virginia Law School, Fall 1996
Global Law Professor, NYU Law School, Fall 1997
Research Director, Ontario Legal Aid Reform Task Force, 1997
Research Director, Ontario Electricity Market Design Committee, 1998

Scholarly and Professional Work


Trebilcock, Michael J. & Howse, Robert. (1999). The regulation of international trade (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Kelley, Ninette. (1999). The making of the mosaic: A history of Canadian immigration policy. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Dewees, Don & Duff, David. (1996). Exploring the domain of accident law: Taking the facts seriously. New York: Oxford University Press.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1995). Competition policy and trade policy: Mediating the interface. Toronto: The Canadian Law & Economics Association. Law and Economics Working Paper Series WPS-37.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Schwannen, Daniel. (Eds.). (1995). Getting there: An assessment of the agreement on internal trade. Toronto: C.D. Howe Institute.

The Prospects for Reinventing Government (C.D. Howe Institute, Toronto, 1994)

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1993). The limits of freedom of contract. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Boddez, Thomas M. (1993). Unfinished business: Reforming trade remedy laws in North America. Toronto: C.D. Howe Institute.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & York, Robert C. (Eds.). (1990). Fair exchange: Reforming trade remedy laws. Toronto: C.D. Howe Institute.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Mathewson, Frank & Walker, Michael. (Eds.). (1990). The law and economics of competition policy. Vancouver: Fraser Institute.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Friedland, Martin & Roach, Kent. (1990). Regulating traffic safety. Toronto:University of Toronto Press.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Chandler, Marsha A. & Howse, Robert. (1990). Trade and transitions: A comparative analysis of adjustment policies. London: Routledge.

Book Chapters

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1999). Lurching around Chicago: The positive challenge of explaining the recent regulatory reform agenda. In Richard M. Bird, Michael J. Trebilcock & Thomas A. Wilson (Eds.), Rationality in public policy: Retrospect and prospect, A tribute to Douglas G. Hartle (pp. 233-272). Toronto: Canadian Tax Foundation.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1999). The value and limits of law and economics. In Gillian Hadfield & Megan Richardson (Eds.), The second wave of law and economics (pp. 12-29). Sydney, NSW: Federation Press

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Gallini, Nancy T. (1998). Competition policy and intellectual property rights. In Robert D. Anderson & Nancy T. Gallini (Eds.), Competition policy and intellectual property rights in the knowledge-based economy (pp. 17-61) Calgary: University of Calgary Press. Industry Canada Research Series Vol. 9.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1998). Immigration policy. In Peter Newman (Ed.), The new Palgrave dictionary of economics and the law (pp. 259-264). New York: MacMillan Press.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1997). What makes poor countries poor?: The role of institutional capital in economic development. In Edgardo Buscaglia, William Ratliff & Robert Cooter (Eds.), The law and economics of development. London: JAI Press. Economics of Legal Relationships Vol. 3.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Daniels, Ronald J. (1996). The future of Ontario Hydro: A review of structural and regulatory options. In Ronald J. Daniels (Ed), Ontario Hydro at the Millennium: Has monopoly's moment passed? (pp. 1-52). Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Trebilcock, Michael J.  (1995).  Can government be reinvented?  In Jonathan Boston (Ed.) The state under contract (pp. 1-35).  Wellington, NZ: Bridget Williams Books; Auckland University Press.

"Trebilcock, Michael J. & Behboodi, Rambod. (1995). The Canadian agreement on internal trade: Retrospect and prospects. In Daniel Schwanen & Michael Trebilcock (Eds.), Getting there: An assessment of the agreement on internal trade (pp. 20-89). Toronto: C.D. Howe.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Flood, C. (1994). Voice and exit in New Zealand's health care sector. In Contracting in the health sector. Auckland: Legal Research Foundation.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Daniels, Ronald J. (1994). Choice of policy instrument in the provision of public infrastructure. In Jack M. Mintz & Ross S. Preston (Eds.) Infrastructure and competitiveness (pp. 345-436). Kingston, ON: John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1991). Economic analysis of law. In Richard F. Devlin (Ed.), Canadian perspectives on legal theory (pp. 103-125). Toronto: Emond Montgomery Publications.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1990). The evolution of competition policy: A comparative perspective. In Frank Mathewson, Michael J. Trebilcock, & Michael Walker (Eds.), The law and economics of competition policy (pp. 1-26). Vancouver: Fraser Institute.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1990). Throwing deep: Trade remedy laws in a first-best world. In Michael J. Trebilcock & Robert C. York (Eds.), Fair exchange: Reforming trade remedy laws (pp. 235-265). Toronto: C.D. Howe.

Scholarly Articles

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Davis, Kevin. (2001). Legal reforms and development: An overview of the evidence. Third World Quarterly, 22(1), 21-36.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Daniels, Ron & Thorburn, Malcolm. (2000). Government by voucher. Boston University Law Review, 80(1), 205-232.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Daniels, Ron. (2000). Electricity restructuring: The Ontario experience. Canadian Business Law Journal, 22(2), 161-192.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Winter, Ralph. (2000). The state of efficiencies in Canadian merger policy. Canadian Competition Record, 19(4), 106-113.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Gal, Michal S. (1999). Market power in electricity industry restructurings. World Competition, 22(1),119-169.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Austin, Lisa. (1998). The limits of the full court press: Of blood and mergers. University of Toronto Law Journal, 48, 1-59.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Howse, Robert. (1998). Trade liberalization and regulatory diversity: Reconciling competitive markets with competitive politics. European Journal of Law and Economics, 6(1), 5-37.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Hadfield, Gillian K. & Howse, Robert. (1998). Information based principles for rethinking consumer protection policy. Journal of Consumer Policy, 21(2), 131-169.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Fraiberg, J.D. (1998). Risk regulation: Technocratic and democratic tools for regulatory reform. McGill Law Journal, 43, 835-887.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1997). An introduction to law and economics. Monash University Law Review, 23(1), 124-158.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Campbell, A. Neil & Janisch, Hudson N. (1997). Rethinking the role of the competition tribunal. Canadian Bar Review, 76, 297-331.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Winter, Ralph A. (1997). The economics of nuclear accident law. International Review of Law and Economics, 17(2), 215-243.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Roach, Kent. (1996). Private enforcement of competition laws. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 34(3), 461-508.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Howse, Robert, & Daniels, Ron. (1996). Do institutions matter?: A comparative pathology of the HIV-infected blood tragedy. Virginia Law Review, 82(8), 1407-1492.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Howse, Robert. (1996). The fair trade - free trade debate: Trade, labor and the environment. International Review of Law and Economics, 16(1), 61-79.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Daniels, Ron. (1996). Private provision of public infrastructure: An organizational analysis of the next privitization frontier. University of Toronto Law Journal, 46, 375-426.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Atwood, Evan. (1996). Public accountability in an age of contracting out. Canadian Business Law Journal, 27(1), 1-47.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Boddez, Thomas. (1995). The case for liberalizing North American trade remedy laws. Minnesota Journal of Global Trade, 4(1), 1-41.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Martin, M., Lawson, A. & Lewis, P. (1994). Testing the limits of freedom of contract: The commercialization of reproductive materials and services. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 32, 613-701.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Warner, Presley L. (1993). Rethinking price-fixing law. McGill Law Journal, 38(3), 679-723.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Howse, Robert. (1993). Protecting the employment bargain. University of Toronto Law Journal, 43(3), 751-792.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Chapman, Bruce. (1992). Making hard social choices: Lessons from the auto accident compensation debate. Rutgers Law Review, 44(4), 797-869.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Dewees, Donald N. (1992). The efficacy of the tort system and its alternatives: A review of the empirical evidence. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 30, 57-138.

Trebilcock, Michael J. (1991). Taking stock: Consumerism in the 1990s. Canadian Business Law Journal, 19, 412-436.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Dewees, Donald N. & Coyte, Peter C. (1991). The medical malpractice crisis: A comparative empirical perspective. Law and Contemporary Problems, 54(1), 218-251.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Keshvani, Rosemin. (1991). The role of private ordering in family law: A law and economics perspective. University of Toronto Law Journal, 41, 533-590.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Hutton, Susan. (1990). An empirical study of the application of canadian anti-dumping laws: A search for normative rationales. Journal of World Trade, 24(3), 123-146.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Chandler, M.A. & Howse, Robert. (1990). Trade restrictive policies and democratic politics: A proposal for reform. Public Law Review, 1, 234-258.

Trebilcock, Michael J., Howse, Robert & Prichard, J. Robert S. (1990). Smaller or smarter government? University of Toronto Law Journal, 40, 498-541.

Conference and Other Working Papers

Trebilcock, Michael J. (2000, March). Mostly smoke and mirrors: NGOs and the WTO. Paper presented at the International Conference at New York University commemorating the 200th anniversary of the Library of Congress, New York.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Soloway, Julie. (2000, February). Trade policy and food safety. Paper presented at the University of Chicago Law School, Chicago.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Davis, Kevin. (1999, November). Law, Institutions and Development. Paper presented at an IMF Conference on Second Generation Reforms, Washington, D.C.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Daniels, Ron. (1998). The future of the Toronto Stock Exchange: A paradigm in transition. Paper prepared for the Toronto Stock Exchange, Toronto.

Trebilcock, Michael J. & Howse, Robert. (1996). The role of the civil justice system in the choice of governing instrument. Paper prepared for the Civil Justice Review, Ontario Ministry of the Attorney General, Toronto.

Trebilcock, Michael J., et al. (1993). The limits of freedom of contract: The commercialization of reproductive materials and services. Paper presented to the Royal Commission on New Reproductive Technologies.

List of Courses

b) Graduate
Alternative Approaches to Legal Scholarship, 1985
The Public Policy-Making Process (Department of Economics), 1982 - 1985
Social Regulation (Osgoode Hall Part-time LL.M.), 1987
International Trade Regulation (Osgoode Hall Part-Time LL.M.), 1990

b) LL.B. Courses Taught at Various Times
Commercial Law; Corporate Law: Contract Law; Competition Law; Government Regulation; Social Security Law; Economic Analysis of Law; International Trade Regulation; The Limits of Freedom of Contract; Debtor - Creditor Law; Consumer Protection Law; Public Goals Private Means; Law, Institutions & Development

c) Graduate Supervision
30 LL.M.s since 1969
13 Ph.Ds

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